Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors in the uterus that most often appear during the childbearing years.
Uterine fibroids are not associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and often never turn into cancer.
Fibroids range in size from the size of a seed, which is invisible to the human eye, to massive lumps that can deform or expand the uterus. It can be a single fibroid or multiple fibroids. In extreme cases, multiple fibroids can expand the uterus to the point that it reaches the rib cage, causing weight gain.
Many women develop uterine fibroids at some time during their life. But you may not even realize you have uterine fibroids because most of them do not cause any symptoms. Your doctor may discover fibroids by chance during a pelvic exam or performing an ultrasound during pregnancy.
This type of tumor is treated either by following it up and by conducting an examination every period to be determined by the attending physician, or by operations.
The mechanism of the process varies depending on the size and location of the tumor in the uterus. The types of operations are divided in this way:
- Hysteroscopic operation: The operation is performed by inserting a device through the cervix, and it is a suitable method for removing tumors inside the uterine cavity.
- Laparoscopic surgery: The surgery is performed by using several small incisions made in the abdominal wall, which is suitable for removing tumors outside the uterus.
- Abdominal surgery: It is performed by opening the abdomen and extracting the muscle tumors. This surgery is suitable for removing large and large tumors.
There are also some cases in which doctors need to remove the hyster completely.
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