The Thyroid gland is located at the bottom of the neck and takes the shape of a butterfly, and one of its most important functions is the secretion of certain hormones that regulate the metabolism processes in the body.
Thyroid problems and diseases are divided as follows:
- Overactive thyroid gland (Hyperthyroidism).
- Underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism).
- Graver’s disease.
- Thyroid nodes.
- Thyroid cancer.
The treatment of each problem and disease related to the gland varies, however, the main problems are the nodes that form on the thyroid gland and enlargement.
The treatment of both of these conditions is either follow-up and the use of drugs, or surgery to remove the thyroid gland unilaterally or eradicate it.
In the event that the doctors decide to perform the eradication process, it will initially determine whether the eradication will be complete or partial, and accordingly, the post-operation stage is determined, and in the event that the excision is partial, the patient may not need to use medication for life. In the event that the gland is completely removed, the patient often needs to use a medication for life that compensates him for the hormonal secretions that were secreted by the gland. In some rare cases, the patient will need to undergo a radioactive Iodine session.