Herniated disc is one of the most common problems that occur in the spine and threaten young people in the ages ranging from 18-40 years. The spine consists of a series of vertebrae stacked on each other, extending from the top of the back to the bottom, and includes several parts, including:
- 7 cervical vertebrae close to the neck, C1-C7
- 12 thoracic vertebrae close to the chest, T1-T12
- 5 lumbar vertebrae close to the abdomen L1-L5
- 5 sacral vertebrae fused together S1-S5
- 4 coccygeal vertebrae fused together to form the coccyx
Lumbar herniated disc often occurs due to several reasons, including:
- Aging because the vertebrae begin to lose the protective fluid inside.
- Wrong movements while working or exercising.
- An injury or sprain that causes a sliding of the vertebrae.
- Lifting heavy objects causes great stress in the lower back.
- Weight gain leads to a lumbar herniated disc due to pressure on the lower back.
- Weak muscles in a pregnant woman can contribute to the development of a herniated disc.
As for the treatment of herniated disc problems, treatment methods are divided into three:
- Medicines: If the degree of slippage is in the early stages and the patient’s symptoms are minor, then some medicines are prescribed, such as analgesics, muscle relaxants or cortisone injections.
- Physical therapy: Doctors may suggest physical therapy to relieve pain. A physical therapist can demonstrate positions and exercises designed to reduce pain from a herniated disc.
- Surgery and endoscopic interventions: Deciding to perform a spinal operation is one of the difficult options that the injured person is exposed to, and this process is very delicate, and recently this type of operation has become one of the routine and usual operations for many doctors due to the development of technologies present in The medical field and increasing the experience of doctors in this field. There are many techniques and mechanisms for spinal operations, the most prominent of which are: Endoscopic Discectomy and Microdiscectomy.
Why treat a herniated disc?
The European Association of Neurosurgical Societies (EANS) advises not to neglect back pain or other symptoms caused by a herniated disc in order not to aggravate the problem and cause more complex problems.